How to Buy Gold in Canada? – A Comprehensive Guide!

Did you know that Canada is the fifth-largest gold producer in the world, with a production value of over $12 billion in 2020? As Canadians increasingly turn to gold as a valuable investment, understanding how to buy gold in Canada has become a crucial topic. This comprehensive guide will cover everything you need to know, from the reasons behind the growing interest in gold to the different types of gold investments available and the step-by-step process of purchasing physical gold and paper gold investments.

Whether you’re a seasoned investor or new to the world of precious metals, this guide will provide you with the knowledge and insights you need to make informed decisions about investing in gold in Canada. From the benefits and drawbacks of gold investment to the factors to consider when buying physical gold, we’ll explore it all to help you navigate the Canadian gold market with confidence.

Reasons for Buying Gold in Canada

One of the primary reasons Canadians are turning to gold as part of their investment portfolios is the metal’s role as a hedge against economic uncertainty. Gold has historically maintained its value during times of market volatility, providing a safe haven for investors. Additionally, the reasons to buy gold in canada include its ability to diversify one’s assets, its potential for long-term appreciation, and its status as a tangible, physical asset.

Benefits of Investing in Gold

The benefits of investing in gold in canada are numerous. Gold can serve as a reliable store of wealth, protecting one’s purchasing power against the erosion of fiat currencies. It also offers a degree of protection against inflation, as the supply of gold is limited, unlike many government-issued currencies. Furthermore, gold investments can provide a hedge against geopolitical risks and financial crises, making it a valuable component of a diversified investment portfolio.

reasons to buy gold in canada

History of Gold Investment in Canada

Canada has a rich and storied history when it comes to gold investment and production. Gold has long been a valuable commodity in the country, with the mineral being the most valuable mined resource. In 2020, the production value of gold in Canada exceeded $12 billion, primarily from the mining-rich provinces of Ontario and Quebec. This impressive figure solidifies Canada’s position as the fifth-largest global producer of gold.

The history of gold investment in Canada dates back centuries, with the precious metal playing a significant role in the country’s economic development. Indigenous communities have long revered gold for its cultural and spiritual significance, while early European settlers sought to extract and trade the valuable resource. Over time, the gold mining industry has grown to become a cornerstone of the Canadian economy, providing employment, tax revenue, and export opportunities.

Today, Canadians continue to embrace gold as a reliable investment option, with individuals and institutions alike recognizing the metal’s potential to hedge against economic uncertainty and preserve wealth. The country’s well-regulated financial markets, stable political environment, and robust mining infrastructure have all contributed to the ongoing popularity of gold investment among Canadian investors.

gold production in canada

As the world’s fifth-largest producer of gold, Canada’s long history of gold mining and investment has positioned the country as a global leader in the industry. From the early days of Indigenous gold extraction to the modern-day mining and trading of the precious metal, gold has been woven into the fabric of Canada’s economic and cultural heritage.

Types of Gold Investments

When it comes to buying gold in Canada, investors can choose from two broad categories of gold investments: physical gold and paper gold investments. Each option offers unique advantages and considerations that Canadians should carefully evaluate based on their investment objectives, risk tolerance, and personal preferences.

1. Physical Gold

Physical gold investments involve the direct ownership of gold bullion, such as gold bars or gold coins. This type of physical gold investment allows investors to hold the actual precious metal in their possession or store it in a secure facility. Physical gold is often viewed as a tangible asset that can provide a hedge against inflation and economic uncertainty.

2. Paper Gold Investments

Paper gold investments refer to financial instruments that track the price of gold, without the investor taking direct ownership of the underlying physical metal. These paper gold investments include gold exchange-traded funds (ETFs), gold mutual funds, and gold-backed securities issued by the Royal Canadian Mint. These paper gold investments offer the convenience of trading and investing in gold through the financial markets, without the need for physical storage and handling.

By understanding the types of gold investments available in Canada, investors can make an informed decision on how best to incorporate physical gold and paper gold investments into their overall investment portfolio.

Types of gold investments

Buying Physical Gold

For Canadians looking to invest in physical gold, there are several options to consider. Gold bars, gold coins, and gold jewelry are the primary forms of physical gold available for investment purposes in Canada. Each type of physical gold has its own unique characteristics and benefits that investors should evaluate based on their specific investment goals and preferences.

1. Gold Bars

Gold bars are a popular choice for Canadians seeking to invest in physical gold. These bars are typically available in various sizes, from small 1-gram bars to larger 400-ounce bars. Gold bars are known for their high purity, often exceeding 99.9% pure gold, and are relatively easy to store and transport. Investors can purchase gold bars from reputable dealers, such as the Royal Canadian Mint, and they are a popular choice for long-term gold investment strategies.

2. Gold Coins

Another option for Canadians interested in buying physical gold is gold coins. Gold coins, such as the Canadian Maple Leaf, are highly sought-after for their collectability, historical significance, and the added security of government minting. These coins are available in various denominations and can be purchased from authorized dealers or directly from the Royal Canadian Mint. Gold coins are often seen as a more accessible entry point for individual investors compared to larger gold bars.

3. Gold Jewelry

While not typically considered a primary investment vehicle, gold jewelry can also be a means of owning physical gold in Canada. Canadians can purchase gold jewelry from reputable jewelers or retailers, with the understanding that the value of the jewelry is primarily derived from the gold content rather than the craftsmanship or design. Gold jewelry can provide a more versatile and personal way to own physical gold, though it may not offer the same level of liquidity as gold bars or coins.

Regardless of the type of physical gold chosen, investors should carefully research the reputation and credentials of the dealer, as well as the purity and authenticity of the gold product, to ensure a secure and successful investment in the Canadian gold market.

physical gold investments canada

Paper Gold Investments

While physical gold investments offer the satisfaction of holding tangible assets, paper gold investments provide an alternative way for Canadians to gain exposure to the gold market. These instruments, such as mining stocks, gold ETFs, and mutual funds, offer several advantages that may appeal to investors looking to diversify their portfolios.

1. Mining Stocks

Investing in the shares of Canadian mining companies that extract and produce gold is a popular paper gold option. These mining stocks can provide leveraged exposure to fluctuations in the gold price, as the profitability of mining operations is closely tied to the commodity’s performance.

2. Gold ETFs and Mutual Funds

Another avenue for paper gold investments in Canada is through gold-focused exchange-traded funds (ETFs) and mutual funds. These investment vehicles hold a portfolio of gold-related assets, such as physical gold bullion or stocks of gold mining companies, offering investors an easy and diversified way to gain exposure to the precious metal.

3. Royal Canadian Mint ETRs

The Royal Canadian Mint offers a unique investment option in the form of Exchange Traded Receipts (ETRs). These securities are backed by physical gold held in the Mint’s vaults, providing investors with a convenient and secure way to gain exposure to physical gold investments without the need for storage or custody.

By exploring these paper gold investment options, Canadians can potentially benefit from the long-term appreciation potential of gold while enjoying the flexibility and liquidity of trading financial instruments on the stock exchange.

Factors to Consider When Buying Physical Gold

When purchasing physical gold in Canada, there are several crucial factors to consider in order to ensure a secure and successful investment. These include storage, insurance, the manufacturer, and the purity of the gold.

1. Storage

One of the primary concerns when buying physical gold is where to store it securely. Canadians have several options, including storing gold at home, in a bank safe deposit box, or with a private storage facility. Each option has its own advantages and disadvantages in terms of cost, accessibility, and level of security. Carefully evaluating your storage needs and budget is essential.

2. Insurance

Insuring your physical gold investment is also a vital consideration. Gold can be susceptible to theft, loss, or damage, and having the appropriate insurance coverage can provide peace of mind and financial protection. Reputable insurance providers in Canada offer policies tailored to gold investors’ needs.

3. Manufacturer

The reputation and integrity of the gold manufacturer or mint is another crucial factor. In Canada, well-known and trusted manufacturers, such as the Royal Canadian Mint, offer high-quality gold products that meet stringent purity and authenticity standards. Purchasing from a reputable source is crucial to ensure the legitimacy of your investment.

4. Purity

The purity of the gold, measured in karats, is an essential consideration. The higher the purity, the more valuable the gold. In Canada, the most common gold purity standards are 24 karat (99.99% pure) and 22 karat (91.67% pure). Investors should research the purity levels of the gold they are considering to ensure they are making an informed decision.

By carefully considering these key factors, Canadians can make informed decisions when purchasing physical gold and ensure their investment is secure and aligned with their financial goals.

How to Buy Gold in Canada?

Investing in gold in Canada can be a smart financial decision, but it’s important to approach it strategically. Here are the key steps to buying gold in Canada:

1. Determine Investment Goals

Start by assessing your investment goals. Are you looking to diversify your portfolio, hedge against inflation, or generate long-term growth? Knowing your objectives will guide you in selecting the right type of gold investment.

2. Research Different Forms

Canadians can invest in gold through various forms, including physical gold (bars, coins, or jewelry) and paper gold (stocks, ETFs, or mutual funds). Explore the pros and cons of each option to determine the best fit for your needs.

3. Find Reputable Dealers

When buying physical gold in Canada, it’s crucial to work with reputable and trusted dealers. Research local gold dealers, online platforms, and the Royal Canadian Mint to ensure you’re getting authentic and high-quality products.

4. Check Current Prices

Stay up-to-date on the current gold prices in Canada to make informed decisions. Monitor gold spot prices, which can fluctuate daily, and understand how factors like market conditions, global events, and the Canadian dollar can impact the cost of gold investments.

By following these steps, you can navigate the process of buying gold in Canada with confidence and make the best investment decisions to achieve your financial goals.

Pros and Cons of Buying Gold in Canada

When it comes to buying gold in Canada, there are both pros and cons to consider. Let’s take a closer look at the pros and cons of investing in gold.

Pros of Buying Gold

One of the primary advantages of investing in gold in Canada is its ability to serve as a hedge against inflation and economic uncertainty. As the Canadian dollar fluctuates, gold can maintain its value, providing a sense of financial security. Additionally, gold is a tangible asset that can be easily liquidated, making it an attractive option for diversifying one’s investment portfolio.

Another key benefit of buying gold in Canada is its long-term stability. Unlike volatile stock markets, the price of gold tends to be more stable and less susceptible to sudden market swings. This makes gold a reliable investment option for those looking to preserve their wealth over the long term.

Furthermore, investing in gold can offer a sense of control and security for Canadian investors. Physical gold, such as coins or bars, can be stored in a secure location, providing a tangible asset that is less vulnerable to cyber threats or financial institution failures.

Cons of Buying Gold

One of the primary disadvantages of buying gold in Canada is the cost associated with purchasing and storing the physical metal. Premiums on gold coins and bars can be relatively high, and the costs of secure storage and insurance can add to the overall investment expenses.

Another potential drawback of investing in gold is the lack of immediate liquidity. While gold can be easily sold, the process may not be as quick or straightforward as selling stocks or other financial instruments. This can be a concern for investors who may need to access their funds on short notice.

Additionally, the storage and security requirements for physical gold can be a deterrent for some Canadian investors. Ensuring the safe custody of gold can be a complex and time-consuming process, which may not align with the investment preferences of all individuals.

Advantages of Buying Gold in Canada Disadvantages of Buying Gold in Canada
  • Hedge against inflation and economic uncertainty
  • Tangible asset that can be easily liquidated
  • Long-term stability and wealth preservation
  • Sense of control and security with physical gold
  • High costs associated with purchasing and storing physical gold
  • Lack of immediate liquidity compared to other investments
  • Complex storage and security requirements for physical gold

Storing Your Gold

Proper storage is a crucial consideration when investing in physical gold in Canada. Depending on the size and value of your gold holdings, you have several options to securely store your precious metal assets.

At-Home Storage

For smaller gold investments, such as coins or bars, storing your gold at home in a secure safe or lockbox can be a convenient and cost-effective solution. This approach provides you with direct control over your assets, but it also requires diligent security measures to protect against theft or loss.

Bank Safe Deposit Boxes

Many Canadian banks offer safe deposit box services, which can be an excellent option for storing larger quantities of gold. These secure vaults provide an added layer of protection, with the bank responsible for the safekeeping of your gold. However, there are ongoing rental fees associated with this storage method.

Private Storage Facilities

For investors with significant gold holdings, private storage facilities in Canada can offer specialized, high-security storage solutions. These facilities are designed to store precious metals and often provide additional services, such as insurance and transportation. While more expensive than at-home or bank storage, private facilities can provide the ultimate protection for your gold investment.


1. Do you pay tax on gold in Canada?

Yes, in Canada, the sale of gold is subject to goods and services tax (GST) or harmonized sales tax (HST), which is typically 5-13% depending on the province.

2. How much is 1g of gold in Canada?

The price of 1 gram of gold in Canada varies based on the current market price. As of [current date], the approximate price for 1 gram of gold in Canada is around [current price].

3. Is it worth to buy gold in Canada?

Investing in gold can be a worthwhile decision for Canadians, as gold can provide diversification, inflation protection, and a hedge against market volatility. However, the decision to buy gold should be based on individual investment goals, risk tolerance, and market conditions.

4. Which bank is best to buy gold in Canada?

There are several reputable banks and dealers in Canada that offer gold purchasing services, including the Royal Bank of Canada (RBC), BMO, Scotiabank, and various precious metals dealers. It’s important to research and compare options to find the best fit for your needs.

5. How to invest in gold for beginners in Canada?

For beginners in Canada, some of the most accessible ways to invest in gold include purchasing physical gold bars or coins, investing in gold exchange-traded funds (ETFs), or buying shares of gold mining companies. It’s recommended to start with a small investment and learn about the gold market before expanding your portfolio.

6. How much gold can you own in Canada?

There are no legal restrictions on the amount of gold that an individual can own in Canada. However, it’s important to be aware of tax implications, storage considerations, and other factors when accumulating a significant amount of physical gold.

7. How to buy gold in Canada?

To buy gold in Canada, you can purchase physical gold bars or coins from reputable dealers, online platforms, or banks. Alternatively, you can invest in paper gold products such as gold ETFs, mutual funds, or Royal Canadian Mint ETRs. It’s important to research the options, compare prices, and choose a secure method of storage for your gold investments.

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